Tupelo Middle School

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September is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Month

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a form of acquired brain injury that  occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.  TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. 

Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain.  Some signs and symptoms of brain injury are:

  • loss of consciousness
  • headache
  • confusion
  • lightheadedness
  • dizziness
  • blurred vision
  • trouble with memory, concentration or thinking

What is the treatment?

A person with signs of moderate or severe TBI should receive medical attention ASAP.  Little can be done to reverse the initial brain damage caused by trauma, the person must be stabilized and focus on preventing further injury.   Primary concerns are proper oxygen supply to the brain and the rest of the body, maintaining adequate blood flow and controlling blood pressure.  Testing includes imaging, CT, skull and neck X-rays. Severly injured persons may require rehabilitation. 

What is the prognosis?

Approximately half of severely head-injured patients will need surgery to remove or repair ruptured blood vessels or bruised brain tissue.  Extensive rehabilitation and recovery may be required.


Approximately 1.5 million people in the US will have a TBI.  The top causes are:  Car Accidents, Firearms, falls and not wearing helmets while operating ATV's. 

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